“A nd the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying, “All the nations shall be blessed in you.” (Gal 3:8 NAS)
Most of us have heard the gospel preached more times than we can remember. Some of us might even remember the time we responded to the preaching of the gospel and came to faith in Jesus Christ. But I wonder how many of us know that the gospel was preached beforehand? I don’t mean a generation before we were born or a few centuries ago. I don’t even mean during the life of Jesus or the gospel ministry during the first century church. I’m talking about a preaching of the gospel that took place during the patriarchal period, a message that was preached by God Himself.
In what was perhaps his earliest letter (c. A.D. 48), Paul defended his apostleship and gospel to the believers in the Roman province of Galatia. Although these believers—both Jews and Gentiles—had received their salvation and the gift of Spirit by grace through faith (Gal 3:1-5), they were being pulled back to a legalistic understanding of salvation promoted by Judaizers. These Judaizers questioned Paul’s apostolic authority and suggested that the Jewish and Gentile believers had been deceived by Paul into thinking that obedience to the Law of Moses was no longer necessary for salvation (Gal 1:6-10; 5:6-12). However, those who questioned Paul’s gospel needed to remember something important. He had not invented the gospel of grace he preached, a gospel sufficient for both Jews and Gentiles alike. God had, and God had preached this gospel beforehand.
When God created the heavens and the earth, He intended His creation to be a realm over which He would mediate His rule through mankind (Gen 1:26). In order to accomplish this purpose for creation, humanity would need to represent Him. It would need to be made in His image and possess His life. As image-bearers, the flourishing of humanity’s rule under Adam—God’s preeminent mediator—would lead to the flourishing of God’s representation and rule over the earth. Since the earth would be populated by those who represented God, it would be a realm filled with His glory. In order to equip humanity to serve Him as His representative stewards, God bestowed on humanity the fullness of life, a life possessed by God and given as a gift of God through an unmerited blessing.
“And God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them. And God blessed them; and God said to them, ‘Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it; and rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky, and over every living thing that moves on the earth.’” (Gen 1:27-28 NAS)
Tragically, Adam’s disobedience in the Garden of Eden led to humanity’s fall from blessing (Gen 3; Romans 5:12-14). With the introduction of sin and death into the human race, mankind no longer represented the life of God on Earth. Instead, human beings were born into the world totally depraved and spiritually dead.
The early chapters of Genesis record the growth and enduring power of sin and death in human history (Gen 4–5). Despite the preservation of an elect lineage through Seth that anticipated the coming of the promised Seed of the Woman who would judge the Serpent (Satan) and end his rule (Gen 3:15), the growth of evil became so great that God judged man’s wickedness with a flood. Only Noah and his family were spared by an act of God’s grace (Gen 6–8). While the judgment of God was just, human history after the flood revealed that it had not fixed its fundamental problem (Gen 9–11). Judgment could never remedy the problem introduced by the fall. Only an unmerited act of blessing could do that. According to the sovereign will of God, this plan for blessing would come through an important partnership with Abram.
“Now the LORD said to Abram, ‘Go forth from your country, and from your relatives and from your father’s house, To the land which I will show you; and I will make you a great nation, And I will bless you, and make your name great; and so you shall be a blessing; and I will bless those who bless you, and the one who curses you I will curse. And in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.’” (Gen 12:1-3 NAS)
Through Abram, all families of the earth would be blessed and receive the fullness of God’s life so that they might serve him according to his purpose for mankind in creation.
Just as God had bestowed the fullness of His life to mankind in creation through an unmerited blessing, God would once again impart the fullness of His life to a fallen race through an unmerited blessing. Through Abram, all families of the earth would be blessed and receive the fullness of God’s life so that they might serve him according to his purpose for mankind in creation.
God’s revelation to Abram was a preaching of the gospel (Gen 12:3). If the blessing mediated through this Abrahamic partnership was intended to restore mankind to its original state of blessing, then it was a blessing that had to deal with sin. It was a blessing that had to deal with death. It was a blessing that had to impart the life of God, so that mankind could once again represent God’s rule on Earth, bearing the fullness of His image. This revelation was the promise of the gospel for all nations of the earth.
Abram himself experienced an aspect of this blessing when he was justified before God. Although God had promised that it would be through Abram that all nations of the earth would be blessed (Gen 12:3), the early record of Abram’s partnership with God revealed that it was not God’s intent to fulfill what He had promised through Abram himself. Instead God would fulfill His promises through inheritance. While the nation to come from Abram would include many (Gen 15:5; cf. 13:14-16), Abram’s heir would be One (Gen 15:4; cf. 12:7). When Abram believed that God would give him an Heir to inherit and fulfill what he had promised, Abram was blessed with justification (Gen 15:1-6). Although Abram’s initial heir was Isaac, the ultimate Heir who would inherit and fulfill God’s promises to Abram was Jesus Christ.
“Now the promises were spoken to Abraham and to his seed. He does not say, ‘And to seeds,’ as referring to many, but rather to one, ‘And to your seed,’ that is, Christ.” (Gal 3:16 NAS; cf. Gen 12:7; 22:18)
Abram’s justification provided the model by which God would bestow his promise of blessing to both Jews and Gentiles (Gal 3:1-7; Rom 4:1-25). As a promised blessing, God’s provision was a gift that needed to be received rather than achieved. Like Abram, this unmerited blessing would only be acquired by faith in the ultimate Heir of Abram, the One who would be revealed in history as Jesus.
In his letter to the believers in Galatia, Paul reminded them that the gospel of grace he had preached was not a gospel of his own invention. It was a gospel that God had preached beforehand. This promised blessing of the gospel could not be achieved through obedience to the Law. The justification of Abram was sufficient proof. As a promise of blessing given before the Law, a blessing that anticipated the restoration of all nations, the gospel placed no burden on Gentiles to pursue salvation through a Law that had yet to be given. Rather, the promise of blessing anticipated an unmerited act of God to restore humanity to the fullness of life so that it might fulfill its intended purpose. Through the blessing of the gospel, humanity would once again bring glory to God as it represented and mediated his rule on the earth he created. It was a blessing that could only be appropriated by grace through faith in the Heir of Abram, Jesus Christ.
What happens to all of the humanity who died before Christ was sent? Surely God would not damn them until such time as they are given a chance to receive or reject Christ?
Mindy, I believe Dr. Hoff answers this question in his article when he refers the reader to Gen. 15:1-6. Because Abram, who lived some 2100 years before Jesus, believed the Lord he was justified. In other words God’s grace has always, in salvation history, been applied through faith.
I enjoyed reading your excellent article. Thank you for your explanation. God bless you my friend.
When you refer to the word seed you intimate that it’s use is confirmation that it is singular. Please note that seed may also be plural.
A brilliant piece! Thank you, Dr. Hoff.
Superbly done! Thank you for explaining the truth.